Saturday, January 14, 2012

Papua New Guinea - Body Tattoo 2011

Techinal Details:
Stamp Set: 42.58mm x 28mm
Denomination: K1.05, K1.05, K5.00 & K7.00, Souvenir Sheet; K10.00, Sheetlet; K14.10
Quantity Printed: 150,000 Stamps
Sheet Contents: 25 Stamps
Format:    Vertical
Perforation: 2mm
Colours: 4 Colour Process
Paper: 102 gsm
Gum: Unwatered mark, PVA Gummed
Printing Technique: Multi Colour Offset Lithography
Designer: Peter Apa, PostPNG - Philatelic Production
Printer: Southern Colour Print Ltd. NZ
Issue Date: 04 August 2011
Withdrawal Date: 04 February 2012

Stamp Set:
K1.05 - A face tattoo from Nondugl, Banz, Western Highlands Province - A sign of Self Pride
K1.05 - A face tattoo from Tufi, Popndetta, Oro Province - A sign of Maturity
K5.00 - A face tattoo from Asaro, Eastern Highlands Province - A sign of Tribal Identity
K7.00 - A face tattoo from Kudjip, Western Highlands Province - A sign of Self Pride

Souvenir Sheet:
K10.00 - A face tattoo from Tufi, Popndetta, Oro Province - A sign of Maturity

Souvenir Sheetlet:
K1.05 - Hand tattoo from Kairuku, Central Province - A sign of Self Pride & Tribal Identity
K1.05 - Chest tattoo from Gumine, Simbu Province - A sign of self pride & Tribal Identity
K5.00 - Leg tattoo from South Whagi, Western Highlands Province - A sign of self pride
K7.00 - Hand tattoo from Manus -’ Minei’ An eagle, a symbol of Tribal Identity

Body Tattoos from Papua New Guniea

The history of tattoo goes back over 5000 years ago and is as diverse as the people who wear them. The word tattoo is said to have two major derivationsfrom the Polynesian word ‘ta’ which means striking something and the tahitian word ‘tatau’ which means ‘to mark something’.

Tattoos are created by inserting colored substances beneath the skins surface using sharp pin-points.

According to history, the first tattoo was probably created by accident.  Presumably, someone had a wound, and with a charcoal stained palm/hand may have rubbed in some of the substance into the wound in the process, and after the wound had healed, the substance trapped beneath the skin layer was still seen.

Today, people wear tattoos for various reasons ranging from cosmetic, sentimental/ memorial, religious, magical reasons, and to symbolize their belonging to or identification with particular groups, including criminal gangs but also a particular ethnic group or law-abiding subculture.

To others, tattoos have served as rites of passage, marks of status and rank, symbols of religious and spiritual devotion, decorations for bravery, sexual lures and marks of fertility, pledges of love, punishment, amulets and talismans, protection, and as the marks of outcasts, slaves and convicts.

The symbolism and impact of tattoos varies in different places and cultures. Tattoos may show how a person feels about a relative (commonly mother/father or daughter/ son) or about an unrelated person.

Papua New Guinea, endowed with diverse cultures, customs and over seven hundred distinct languages is also home to body tattooing. Like with other Pacific islanders, varying from shapes sizes and shades, tattoos stand to play significant roles in respective tribes. They can be found on different parts of the body (male and female) depending on their significance.

Whole-body tattooing is common in Gulf and to most of the Papuan coastal areas. Some are done as an indication of maturity while others represent tribal identity, self pride, magic qualities and or other reasons. Sad to note, whole-body tattooing is rarely seen on the younger generation nowadays. The very few who wear them are those in their late 50s and 60s.

In the highlands areas, most are known for their small forehead and side tattoos.These are signs of tribal identity and or self pride. And again, some tribal groups believe that tattoos have magical qualities that protect them from evil spirits and their enemies. For the womenfolk, tattoos are done for self body pride and or merely to show off their tribal symbols/ designs on their beautiful bodies, with the hope of attracting the opposite sex.

With its significance to Papua New Guinea, it would be injustice to shy a topic of its flamboyant from the outside world, therefore, Post PNG has chosen tattoos as its 10th stamp issue topic for this year.

No comments: