Issued on 30 March 2011
Theme: Traditional Textile of Indonesia
Stamp Size: 41.06 x 25.31
Perforation: 12.75 x 13.50
Color: Separation & Invisible Ink
Paper: Tullis Russel
Printing Process: Offset
Printer: AMG Security Printing
IDR 2500 - Ulos Hand Woven, North Sumatera
IDR 2500 - Tampan Hand Woven, Lampung
IDR 2500 - Batik Lasem, Central Java
IDR 2500 - Batik Parang Garuda, DI.Yogyakarta
IDR 2500 - Sasirangan Hand Woven, South Kalimantan
IDR 2500 - Iban Hand Woven, East Kalimantan
IDR 2500 - Toraja Hand Woven, South Sulawesi
IDR 2500 - Sumba Hand Woven, East Nusa Tenggara
IDR 5000 - Batik Parang Garuda, DI.Yogyakarta (SS)
Indonesia is the largest archipelago country in the world with more than 17,500 large and small islands scattered along the 4800KM between Asia and Australia. Therefore, Indonesia has the largest diversity of art and culture compared to any part of this world. Every ethnic groups in Indonesia have its own characteristics in their traditional clothing which, of course, they are equipped with traditional unique cloth and being a wonderful cultural heritage.
Kain Tenun (woven cloth) are made with developed warp ikat technique and it is being a characteristics of population in Nusa Tenggarra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi regions and also in some areas in Sumatera; Kain Songket (Songket Cloth) has been growing in most areas in Sumatera, Kain Batik (Batik Cloth) has been attached to the identity of the Javanese; The sulam and embroidery art techniques are widely used in West Sumatera, that eventually spread to other parts of Indonesia, traditional cloth treasure is still thrive in Indonesia until the present day.
Indonesia traditional cloth has a high cultural value, especially from the point of aesthetics, symbolic meaning and has the philosophy that underlies its construction. The diversity and uniqueness of decorative woven cloth clearly reflected in the elemnets associated with the veneration of ancestors and the natural grandeur. Each region has distinctive features in the ornamental range associated with social-cultural function of the area. Within each family or religious rituals, a piece of woven fabric is almost always a very important part.
The history of Batik in Indonesia began to develop in the Sultanate of Mataram XVIII, then in the Sultanate of Yogyakarta and Surakarta era. Batik initially made in the palace to meet the demand for the king and his family and his followers clothing. As many of the king's courtiers lived outside the palace, the art of Batik was brought by them out of the palace and they produced it in their own places. Then, batik that used to be wear only by the royal family, developed into a popular folk clothes. For the Javanese, a piece of batik is not just a piece of cloth for clothing, but it used in some level of life of the royal family members started from a baby was born until the moment they left this world, also in dance, drama, and fashion arts.
Compared to other traditional types of cloth, batik is the most widely received cultural influence from China especially in ornament pattern. Chinese style decorative patterns such as dragon, phoenix, gold kepeng, butterflies, bats, peony flowers, or a clump of bamboo liked the most. The ornament pattern are used mostly in the batik from the coastal area that are along the northern coast of Java island. Lots of Chinese descent who are involved in this industry and become a famous batik businessman.